This article is about the book. For the concept, see Antifragility. Antifragile: Things That Gain From Disorder is a book by Nassim Nicholas Taleb published on November 27, 2012, by Random House in the United States and Penguin in the United Kingdom. Yet, in spite of the ubiquity of the antifragile things that gain from disorder pdf, there is no word for the exact opposite of fragile.
Let us call it antifragile. Antifragility is beyond resilience or robustness.
Hormesis is an example of mild antifragility, where the stressor is a poisonous substance and the antifragile becomes better overall from a small dose of the stressor. This is different from robustness or resilience in that the Antifragile system improves with, not withstands, stressors, where the stressors are neither too large or small. The larger point, according to Taleb, is that depriving systems of vital stressors is not necessarily a good thing and can be downright harmful.