Catechism of the catholic church malayalam pdf free download article is about the Syro-Malabar Catholic Church whose members are colloquially called “Syrian Catholics”. For the Eastern Catholic Church officially known as “Syriac Catholic Church” based in Lebanon, see Syriac Catholic Church.
Church of Malabar Syrian Catholics is an Eastern Catholic Major Archiepiscopal Church based in Kerala, India. It is a sui iuris particular church in full communion with the Pope and the worldwide Catholic Church, with self-governance under the Code of Canons of the Eastern Churches.
The Church is headed by Major Archbishop Cardinal Mar George Alencherry of the Archeparchy of Ernakulam-Angamaly in Kerala. The Syro-Malabar Church uses a latinized variant of the Liturgy of Saints Addai and Mari belonging to the East Syrian Rite, which dates back to 3rd century Edessa, as such it is a part of Syriac Christianity by liturgy and heritage. The name has been in usage in official Vatican documents since the nineteenth century.
The Church shares the same liturgy with the Chaldean Catholic Church based in Iraq. 60 million believers and traces its origins to the evangelistic activity of Thomas the Apostle in the 1st century.
The Syro-Malabar Church members are mostly of the Malayali ethnic group and their vernacular language is Malayalam. Although due to emigration of the members, various eparchies have opened up in other parts of India along with various parts in the rest of the world due to a worldwide Syro-Malabar Malayali diaspora living in North America, Australia, and the United Kingdom. Syrian Catholic, and they have been known at various times as Nasrani, Catholic Syrian, Catholicka Kaldaya Suriyani, Catholicka Nasrani, or St.
Saint Alphonsa is the Church’s first canonized saint, followed by Saint Kuriakose Chavara and Saint Euphrasia. It is one of the two Eastern Catholic churches from India, the other one being the Malankara Syrian Catholic Church which uses the West Syrian Rite liturgy. Particular churches are grouped by rite. A protest took place in 1653 with the Coonan Cross Oath.
Under the leadership of Archdeacon Thomas, the Thomas Christians publicly took an oath that they would not obey the Jesuit Bishops or the Pope. Rome sent Carmelites in two groups from the Propagation of the Faith to Malabar headed by Fr. Sebastiani arrived first in 1655. He began to directly with the Archdeacon, Mar Thoma I.