This article is about the common cereal. For other cultivated and wild species of the genus, see Avena. While oats are suitable for human consumption as oatmeal and rolled oats, one of the most common uses chemical composition of oats pdf as livestock feed.
Oats are a nutrient-rich food associated with lower blood cholesterol when consumed regularly. Also, oat products are frequently contaminated by other gluten-containing grains, mainly wheat and barley. The wild ancestor of Avena sativa and the closely related minor crop, A. Genetic evidence shows the ancestral forms of A.
Fertile Crescent of the Near East. Oats are usually considered a secondary crop, i. Oats are best grown in temperate regions. They have a lower summer heat requirement and greater tolerance of rain than other cereals, such as wheat, rye or barley, so are particularly important in areas with cool, wet summers, such as Northwest Europe and even Iceland.
In 2014, global production of oats was 22. 7 million tonnes, led by Russia with 5. Other major producers were Canada, Poland, and Australia. This section needs additional citations for verification.