This content was written by a student and assessed as part of a university degree. To find out ethnic conflict in india pdf about E-IR essay awards, click here. Critically Assess the Circumstances Under Which Ethnicity Can Become a Source of Conflict.
Since partition in 1947, the status and treatment of the remaining Muslim citizens in India’s new multiethnic nation alongside the majority Hindu citizenry has been a bone of contention. India’s nominally secular society, as it was under Nehru’s brand of socialism, has come under significant strain, particularly in the latter stages of the twentieth and the turn of the twenty-first century. While arguably the BJP is now considered a more centrist and ethnically inclusive party, for many, it will always be tainted with its nascent associations with the particularly violent brand of Hindu nationalism, Hindutva. The aim of this paper is to critically examine the circumstances under which ethnicity became a divisive issue in both Mumbai and Gujarat.
I will argue that poverty plays a key role as a foundational backdrop that can lead to ethnic violence, but ambiguity that exists between the fate of peaceful and violence parts of the cities’ poorer areas can be explained by the methods in which communities access their resources. The ideology of Hindutva therefore only spread to areas where Hindu-nationalist parties controlled the access to community resources.