This article is ibn kathir quran tafsir pdf the historian and exegete. For the canonical Qur’an transmitter, see Ibn Kathir al-Makki.
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See templates for discussion to help reach a consensus. He had a good memory, his books became popular during his lifetime, and people benefited from them after his death. He was taught by Ibn Taymiyya and Al-Dhahabi.
Upon completion of his studies he obtained his first official appointment in 1341, when he joined an inquisitorial commission formed to determine certain questions of heresy. He married the daughter of Al-Mizzi, one of the foremost Syrian scholars of the period, which gave him access to the scholarly elite. Mizza, the home town of his father-in-law.
In 1366, he rose to a professorial position at the Great Mosque of Damascus. In later life, he became blind. He attributes his blindness to working late at night on the Musnad of Ahmad Ibn Hanbal in an attempt to rearrange it topically rather than by narrator. He was buried next to his teacher Ibn Taymiyya.
Ibn Kathir did not interpret the mutashabihat, or ‘unapparent in meaning’ verses and hadiths in a literal anthropomorphic way. People have said a great deal on this topic and this is not the place to expound on what they have said.
It is considered to be a summary of the earlier tafseer by at-Tabari, Tafsir al-Tabari. It is especially popular among Salafi school of thought, because it uses the hadith to explain each verse and chapter of the Qur’an. It is a brief textual history of the Qur’an and its collection after the death of Muhammad.
Hadith texts intended for encyclopedic use. It is an alphabetical listing of the Companions of the Prophet and the sayings that each transmitted, thus reconstructing the chain of authority for each hadith. He added several benefits regarding the subject of Al-Jarh and At-Ta’dil. Ibn Kathir wrote references for the Ahadith of Adillat At-Tanbih, from the Shafi’i school of Fiqh.
While it covers “universal” history, from the creation of the world until the end of the world and Islamic eschatology. Islamic history until his time. He also added a book Al-Fitan, about the Signs of the Last Hour.
Its primary value is in the details of the politics of Ibn Kathir’s own day. Prophets of Islam and other Old Testament characters. Al-Hadi was-Sunan ft Ahadith Al-Masanid was-Sunan which is also known by, Jami` Al-Masanid. In this book, Ibn Kathir collected the narrations of Imams Ahmad bin Hanbal, Al-Bazzar, Abu Ya’la Al-Mawsili, Ibn Abi Shaybah and from the six collections of Hadith: the Two Sahihs .
Ibn Kathir divided this book according to areas of Fiqh. Ibn Kathir began an explanation of Sahih Al-Bukhari, but he did not finish it. He also summarized Al-Baihaqi’s ‘Al-Madkhal. Many of these books were not printed.