The American Indian Horse is defined by its breed indian horse book pdf download as a horse that may carry the ancestry of the Spanish Barb, Arabian, Mustang, or “Foundation” Appaloosa. It is the descendant of horses originally brought to the Americas by the Spanish and obtained by Native American people.
The registry was created in 1961 when some breeders of Colonial Spanish Horse bloodlines considered the Spanish Mustang breeders to be departing from the original “Indian horse” phenotype. The organization was started “for the purpose of collecting, recording and preserving the pedigrees of American Indian Horses.
Horses registered with other breed registries to be double-registered with this organization if the horses meet the conformation requirements. They may be any coat color and both pinto and leopard spotting patterns are common. They are hardy, surefooted, and no draft horse breeding is allowed.