Lifeguard manual 2016 pdf

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Not lifeguard manual 2016 pdf be confused with bodyguard. Red and yellow flag indicating a bathing area patrolled by lifeguards.


A lifeguard is a rescuer who supervises the safety and rescue of swimmers, surfers, and other water sports participants such as in a swimming pool, water park, or beach. AED first aid, certified in water rescue using a variety of aids and equipment depending on requirements of their particular venue. In some areas, lifeguards are part of the emergency services system to incidents and in some communities, the lifeguard service also carries out mountain rescues, or may function as the primary EMS provider. A lifeguard is responsible for the safety of people in an area of water, and usually a defined area immediately surrounding or adjacent to it, such as a beach next to an ocean or lake.

The priority is to ensure no harm comes to users of the area for which they are responsible. Lifeguards often take on this responsibility upon employment, although they can also be volunteers.

The conditions resulting in drowning are summarized by the ‘drowning chain’ in which each link can lead directly to an incident, or contribute to a succession of links. This means that the effectiveness of a lifeguard unit can be measured not by the number or rapidity of rescues, or the skill with which they are executed, but by the absence or reduction of drownings, accidents, and other medical emergencies.

Prevention is an effective skill that is vitally important to a lifeguard because it can aid in maintaining the safety of the aquatic patrons. Lifeguards may have other secondary duties such as cleaning, filing paperwork, checking a swimming pool’s chlorine and pH levels, or acting as a general information point. It is important that lifeguards never allow their secondary responsibilities to interfere with their primary responsibilities.

Lifeguards may also be required to attend occasional in-service meetings to strengthen their lifeguarding skills. Lifeguards are trained in a variety of different lifesaving skills.

There are different variations on these skills depending on the various organizations who train lifeguards. The skills also vary depending on the facility in which they will be put to use, such as a shallow water pool, a deep water pool, a water-park facility, or a beach. A series of chest compressions and ventilations that try to circulate blood containing oxygen throughout the body to vital organs in an attempt to resuscitate a victim.

New York State requires all lifeguards to renew their CPR certification every year. Emergency Oxygen Administration- Provides emergency oxygen therapy for victims with breathing and cardiac emergencies. In-Line Stabilization – A technique used for suspected spinal injuries both in and out of the water that uses the arms to stabilize the head and prevent further movement that could worsen the head, neck, or spinal injury. Unconscious choking measures are similar to CPR with a few small change.

Various First Aid Skills – Used to treat various injuries and sudden illnesses that can occur. Active-Victim Rescue – A simple rescue that moves an actively drowning victim to a safer place. There are variations for both shallow and deep water. You can help by adding to it.