Standardization is beneficial in achieving interoperability, ensuring products meet certain requirements, commonality, reliability, total cost of ownership, compatibility with logistics systems, and similar defense-related objectives . Defense standards are mil standard 810g pdf used by other non-defense government organizations, technical organizations, and industry. This article discusses definitions, history, and usage of defense standards.
Related documents, such as defense handbooks and defense specifications, are also addressed. Although the official definitions differentiate between several types of documents, all of these documents go by the general rubric of “military standard”, including defense specifications, handbooks, and standards.
Strictly speaking, these documents serve different purposes. The GAO acknowledges, however, that the terms are often used interchangeably.
Official definitions are provided by DoD 4120. A guidance document containing standard procedural, technical, engineering, or design information about the material, processes, practices, and methods covered by the DSP.
MIL-STD-967 covers the content and format for defense handbooks. A document that describes the essential technical requirements for purchased material that is military unique or substantially modified commercial items. MIL-STD-961 covers the content and format for defense specifications. A document that establishes uniform engineering and technical requirements for military-unique or substantially modified commercial processes, procedures, practices, and methods.