Published since 1877, Biographical Memoirs provide the life histories and selected bibliographies of deceased National Academy of Sciences members. Colleagues familiar with the subject’s work write these memoirs and as such, the series provides a biographical history of science in America. 2017 National Academy of Sciences. United States federal-national drug policy pdf research institute whose mission is to “lead the Nation in bringing the power of science to bear on drug abuse and addiction.
The institute has conducted an in-depth study of addiction according to its biological, behavioral and social components. It has also supported many treatments such as nicotine patches and gums, and performed research into AIDS and other drug-related diseases.
Its monopoly on the supply of research-grade marijuana has proved controversial. Lexington, Kentucky as part of a USPHS hospital.
In 1974 NIDA was established as part of the Alcohol, Drug Abuse, and Mental Health Administration and given authority over the DAWN and NHSDA programs. 1991, it was expanded to include 8th and 10th graders. In October 1992, NIDA became part of the National Institutes of Health, United States Department of Health and Human Services. NIDA is organized into divisions and offices, each of which is involved with programs of drug abuse research.
As of 2012, Nora Volkow, MD, is the director of NIDA. We now know that addiction has biological, behavioral and social components.
It is best defined as a chronic, relapsing brain disorder characterized by compulsive, often uncontrollable drug craving, seeking, and use, even in the face of negative health and social consequences. NIDA-supported research has also shown that this compulsion results from specific drug effects in the brain. This definition opens the way for broad strategies and common approaches to all drug addiction.
Controlled Substances Act’s criteria for drug scheduling. Placement in Schedule III, for instance, requires a finding that “abuse of the drug or other substance may lead to moderate or low physical dependence or high psychological dependence. The view espoused by former NIDA director Alan I.