Secondary education covers two phases on select reading pre intermediate free download pdf International Standard Classification of Education scale. Every country aims to provide basic education, but the systems and terminology remain unique to them.
Secondary education typically takes place after six years of primary education and is followed by higher education, vocational education or employment. Like primary education, in most countries secondary education is compulsory, at least until the age of 16. Children typically enter the lower secondary phase around age 11. Compulsory education sometimes extends to age 19.
Since 1989 education has been seen as a basic human right for a child, article 28, of the Convention on the Rights of the Child states that: primary education should be free and compulsory while different forms of secondary education, including general and vocational education, should be available and accessible to every child. In classical and mediaeval times secondary education was provided by the church for the sons of nobility and to boys preparing for universities and the priesthood. As trade required navigational and scientific skills the church reluctantly expanded the curriculum and widened the intake.
With Comenius and John Locke, education changed from being repetition of Latin text to building up knowledge in the child, and with the Reformation the state wrestled the control of learning from the church. Education was for the few.
As late as 1868, secondary schools were organised to satisfy the needs of different social classes with the labouring classes getting 4 years, the merchant class 5 years and the elite getting 7 years. Only then did it become accepted that girls could be sent to school.