This article relies too much on references to primary sources. Please improve this by adding secondary or tertiary sources. Transmission self assembly of nanoparticles pdf microscopy image of an iron oxide nanoparticle.
Regularly arranged dots within the dashed border are columns of Fe atoms. Left inset is the corresponding electron diffraction pattern. Each dot in the left image is a traditional “atomic” crystal shown in the image above. Self-assembly is a phenomenon where the components of a system assemble themselves to form a larger functional unit.
Due to the increasing technological advances, the study of materials in the nanometre scale is becoming more important. The spatial arrangements of these self-assembled nanoparticles can be potentially used to build increasingly complex structures leading to a wide variety of materials that can be used for different purposes.
At the molecular level, intermolecular force hold the spontaneous gathering of molecules into a well-defined and stable structure together. In chemical solutions, self-assembly is an outcome of random motion of molecules and the affinity of their binding sites for one another. In the area of nanotechnology, developing a simple, efficient method to organize molecules and molecular clusters into precise, pre-determined structure is crucial.
An example of self-assembly of nanoparticles in a solution. In this diagram, it can be seen that a disordered system formed an organized structure which can be due to specific interactions among the particles.
The study of self-assembly of nanoparticles began with recognition that some properties of atoms and molecules enable them to arrange themselves into patterns. A variety of applications where the self-assembly of nanoparticles might be useful. For example, building sensors or computer chips.
Self-assembly is an equilibrium process, i. In addition, the lower free energy is usually a result of a weaker intermolecular force between self-assembled moieties and is essentially enthalpic in nature. In general, the organization is accompanied by a decrease in entropy and in order for the assembly to be spontaneous the enthalpy term must be negative and in excess of the entropy term.