For a person who delivers an oration, see Orator. The examples and perspective in this article may not represent a worldwide view of the subject. You may improve this article, discuss the issue on the talk page, or create a new article, as appropriate. The Roman orator Cicero speaking with confidence pdf to the Roman Senate.
This type of speech is deliberately structured with three general purposes: to inform, to persuade and to entertain. Public speaking is commonly understood as formal, face-to-face speaking of a single person to a group of listeners. There are five basic elements of public speaking that are described in Lasswell’s model of communication: the communicator, message, medium, audience and effect.
In short, the speaker should be answering the question “who says what in which channel to whom with what effect? Public speaking can serve the purpose of transmitting information, telling a story, motivating people to act or some combination of those.
Public speaking can also take the form of a discourse community, in which the audience and speaker use discourse to achieve a common goal. Public speaking for business and commercial events is often done by professionals. These speakers can be contracted independently, through representation by a speakers bureau, or by other means.
70 percent of all jobs involve some form of public speaking. Although there is evidence of public speech training in ancient Egypt, the first known piece on oratory, written over 2,000 years ago, came from ancient Greece. This work elaborated on principles drawn from the practices and experiences of ancient Greek orators. Aristotle was one of the first recorded teachers of oratory to use definitive rules and models.