Sustainable products are those products that provide environmental, social and economic benefits while protecting public health and environment over their whole life cycle, from the extraction of raw materials until the final disposal. Customer satisfaction: any products or services that do not meet customer needs will not survive in the market in a long term. Dual focus: compared with purely environmental products, sustainable products focus sustainable product design pdf on ecological and social significance. Life-cycle orientation: sustainable product is constantly environmental-friendly during its entire life.
That is, from the moment the raw materials are extracted to the moment the final product is disposed of, there must be no permanent damage to the environment. Significant improvements: sustainable products have to contribute to dealing with socio-ecological problems on a global level, or provide measurable improvements in socio-ecological product performance. Continuous improvement: since the state of knowledge, technologies and societal expectation keep on developing, so sustainable products should also be continuously improved regarding social and environmental variation.
Competing offers: sustainable products may still lag behind competing offers, therefore, the competing offers may serve as a benchmark regarding social and ecological performance. They suggest that we should make every material and product so that it can be disassembled when its use is over, and so that all the materials of which it is made can then be returned to the Earth after composting, or endlessly recycled as raw materials. Nordic Swan Ecolabel The standard of Nordic Swan Ecolabel, which is distributed in Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Finland and Iceland, mainly refers to distinguish products that have a positive effect on the environment.
Or rather, it has climate requirements that limit the amount of CO2 emissions where it is most relevant. More than 3,000 products, mainly household chemicals, paper products, office machinery and building materials have been issued with this label. Thus the most important parameters are consumption of natural resources and energy, emissions into air, water and soil, generation of waste and noise.
According to GRI Guidelines, reporters should take into consideration stakeholders’ interests and use the social indicators and others that more accurately depict the social and ecological performance of the organization. LCA evaluates and discloses the environmental benefits of products over their full life cycle, from raw materials extraction to final disposition.