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It is located on the banks of the Euphrates River. The estimated population in 2003 was 110,000. Presently, Kufa and Najaf are joined into a single urban area that is mostly commonly known to the outside world as ‘Najaf’. Along with Samarra, Karbala, Kadhimiya and Najaf, Kufa is one of five Iraqi cities that are of great importance to Shi’ite Muslims.
Rashidun Caliph, that is Umar ibn Al-Khattab. It is also related that, Muslims after conquest of Al-Madain were searching to have a suitable place for habitation.
Likewise others, Salman and Hudhayfa bin al-Yamman were also looking for. Just choosing the land they offered prayers there. Since that day the foundation of Kufa had taken place. It became said that Uthman had sent an exemplar of the text to Kufa, but that it was burnt during the wars of Mukhtar and Ibn Zubayr.