The lead section of this article may need to be rewritten. Please discuss this issue on the article’s talk page. Use the lead layout guide to ensure the section follows Wikipedia’s norms and the african child novel pdf be inclusive of all essential details. Literature” can also imply an artistic use of words for the sake of art alone.
Africans do not radically separate art from teaching. Rather than write or sing for beauty in itself, African writers, taking their cue from oral literature, use beauty to help communicate important truths and information to society. Indeed, an object is considered beautiful because of the truths it reveals and the communities it helps to build. The prose is often mythological or historical and can include tales of the trickster character.
Storytellers in Africa sometimes use call-and-response techniques to tell their stories. Poetry, often sung, includes: narrative epic, occupational verse, ritual verse, praise poems of rulers and other prominent people. Praise singers, bards sometimes known as “griots”, tell their stories with music.
Also recited, often sung, are love songs, work songs, children’s songs, along with epigrams, proverbs and riddles. Examples of pre-colonial African literature are numerous. Oral literature of west Africa includes the “Epic of Sundiata” composed in medieval Mali, and the older “Epic of Dinga” from the old Ghana Empire. Kebra Negast, or “Book of Kings.
One popular form of traditional African folktale is the “trickster” story, in which a small animal uses its wits to survive encounters with larger creatures. Sungura, a hare found in central and East African folklore. Other works in written form are abundant, namely in north Africa, the Sahel regions of west Africa and on the Swahili coast.
Many were written at the famous University of Timbuktu. The material covers a wide array of topics, including astronomy, poetry, law, history, faith, politics, and philosophy. Swahili literature similarly, draws inspiration from Islamic teachings but developed under indigenous circumstances. One of the most renowned and earliest pieces of Swahili literature being Utendi wa Tambuka or “The Story of Tambuka”.
In Islamic times, North Africans such as ibn Khaldun attained great distinction within Arabic literature. Medieval north Africa boasted universities such as those of Fes and Cairo, with copious amounts of literature to supplement them. In the colonial period, Africans exposed to Western languages began to write in those tongues.