The oldest known depiction of rocket arrows, from the Huolongjing. The ‘the art of possibility benjamin zander pdf fire arrow screen’ from the Huolongjing.
A stationary arrow launcher that carries one hundred fire arrows. It is activated by a trap-like mechanism, possibly of wheellock design. So called because of its hexagonal honeycomb shape. The first rockets may have appeared as early as the 10th century Song dynasty China, however more solid documentary evidence does not appear until the 13th century.
The technology probably spread across Eurasia in the wake of the Mongol invasions of the mid-13th century. Usage of rockets as weapons prior to modern rocketry is attested in China, Korea, India, and Europe. One of the first recorded rocket launchers is the “wasp nest” fire arrow launcher produced by the Ming dynasty in 1380.