This article is toys amazing stories behind some great inventions pdf the toy manufactured by Wham-O. For other highly resilient balls, see bouncy ball. A Super Ball containing particles of glitter, resting on a base. The transparent rubber has yellowed with age.
1964 by chemist Norman Stingley. It is an extremely elastic ball made of Zectron which contains the synthetic polymer polybutadiene as well as hydrated silica, zinc oxide, stearic acid, and other ingredients. Toys similar to Super Balls are more generally known as bouncy balls, a term that covers other balls by different manufacturers with different formulations.
Stingley sought uses for his Polybutadiene synthetic rubber, as well as someone to manufacture it. He first offered his invention to the Bettis Rubber Company, for whom he worked at the time, but they turned it down because the material was not very durable. It took us nearly two years to iron the kinks out of Super Ball before we produced it,” said Richard Knerr, President of Wham-O in 1966.
But it had a tendency to fly apart. We’ve licked that with a very high-pressure technique for forming it. Super Ball became a fad when it was introduced.
Peak production reached over 170,000 Super Balls per day. By December 1965, over six million had been sold, and U. Wham-O Executive Vice-president Richard P.
Knerr knew that fads are short-lived. If our sales don’t come down any faster than that, we’ve got it made. In the late 1960s, Wham-O made a giant Super Ball roughly the size of a bowling ball as a promotional stunt. Australian hotel and destroyed a parked convertible car on the second bounce.
Composer Alcides Lanza purchased several Super Balls in 1965 as toys for his son, but soon he started experimenting with the sounds that they made when rubbed along the strings of a piano. Super Balls on sticks as mallets with which to strike and rub the strings and case of a piano. Lamar Hunt, founder of the American Football League, watched his children playing with a Super Ball and then coined the term Super Bowl.
He wrote a letter to NFL commissioner Pete Rozelle dated July 25, 1966: “I have kiddingly called it the ‘Super Bowl,’ which obviously can be improved upon. The leagues’ owners decided on the name “AFL-NFL Championship Game,” but the media immediately picked up on Hunt’s “Super Bowl” name, which became official beginning with the third annual game. According to one study “If a pen is stuck in a hard rubber ball and dropped from a certain height, the pen may bounce to several times that height.
If a Super Ball is dropped without spin onto a hard surface, with a small ball bearing on top of the Super Ball, the bearing rebounds to a great height. High school physics teachers use Super Balls to educate students on usual and unusual models of impacts. The “rough” nature of a Super Ball makes its impact characteristics different from otherwise similar smooth balls. The resulting behavior is quite complex.